An example using this analogy would be the brain would be the politics and the family the heart. It strengths are seen in the way in which it explains the basic needs and function of society, these explanations can be used by other sociologists to improve and maintain an adequate society. These agents teach the individual to want what the value consensus requires them to do. By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, Company – Strengths and weaknesses Analysis, Evaluation Of Strengths And Weaknesses Education. Strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach to society. Not since the industrial revolution has there been such a shift in how business and commerce is being done. Is always good and happy. also offered here. Discuss the Strengths and Weaknesses of Functionalist Explanations as Applied to the Study of Contemporary Society. The System being organisms such as the human body, and society which fit together in fixed ways. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. Opposite to this, in modern society, individuals are expected to pursue their own individual interests, achieving their status through their efforts in educations, attained through deferred gratification. The un-acknowledgment of these groups could leave sociologists lacking important information about the functions of society which may be seen as a weakness. By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. Support your response with details and examples from studies conducted in the Caribbean on stratification. Essay, 6 pages. Social class inequalities. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. It was Durkheim who was concerned with the rapid social change which was occurring. These four needs are: adaptation, goal attainment, integration and latency. You can make this argument, but as Durkheim saw “function”, he was much more optimistic and may have argued that poverty was more a product of “anomie” than actually serving a function. (309), 4.9 The System being organisms such as the human body, and society which fit together in fixed ways. The second element is Social ... ... concerns. The functionalist theory identifies two types of society- traditional and modern. Don’t waste Your Time Searching For a Sample, Get Your Job Done By a Professional Skilled Writer. Parsons assumes that everything in society is functionally indispensible in its existing form with all parts of society tightly integrated into a unity, which each part being functional for the rest. Conflict theories such as Marxists argue functionalism is a ‘conservative ideology’ which focuses on harmony and stability rather than focusing on conflict and change. Overall, in conclusion, the functionalist approach has many strengths and weaknesses about the way in which society functions and the needs it requires. Marxists will also criticize the functionalist approach by saying rather than society being a harmonious whole, it is infect based on exploitation and divided into classes with unequal power. Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base. One functionalist, Parsons, calls this agreement value consensus- the glue that holds society together. Merton discounts this theory and suggests that complex modern societies in fact have many parts who may be distantly related to one another. Different parts of the system need to be integrated together in order to pursue shared goals and the latency refers to processes that maintain society over time. Though trying to understand the social world may seem difficult, sociologists managed to create three theories on how different areas of the world fit with one another as well as working hand in hand with each other. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. These viewpoints lend themselves to promote the functionalist's ... ... management process approached and were immediately configured on the ERP system. Feminists and Marxists say exploitation and inequality exist in many forms and that functionalism failed to acknowledge this meaning its views are outdated, which shows flaws in their approach and is therefore a weakness. Parsons also assumes that everything in society performs a positive function for society as a whole, and change in one part will have a ‘knock on’ effect on all other parts. Rather than by the family. Parsons identifies three similarities; System, System Needs and Functions. Functions involve the contribution something makes to meet the systems needs; so as the circulatory system of the body carries nutrients and oxygen to the tissues, the economy helps maintain the social system by meeting the needs for food and shelter. A strong collective conscience bound them tightly together, however in modern society the division of labour promotes differences between groups and weakens social solidarity. It brings greater freedom for the individual- but this must be regulated in order to prevent the destroying of social bonds. In particular this leadership approach was ... St. Charles medical system, Bend, Oregon Transformational ... Achua, C.F., 2009. Your Answer Is Very Helpful For UsThank You A Lot! Students looking for free, top-notch essay and term paper samples on various topics. There are four main assumptions of the Social Learning Theory Approach; Role of observation, the role of mental and ... All Papers Are For Research And Reference Purposes Only. He claimed society needs adaptation to meet the material needs of society. (33 marks) Functionalism sees society as a whole rather that in parts as it has a macro-scale approach to society. Within traditional society, an individual’s status is ascribed at birth, and they are expected to put the kinships group before their own. One functionalist, Parsons, calls this agreement value consensus- the glue that holds society together. This approach did ... were moved from their old functions, while others had intensive training. However, the fact that it is a macro level theory can also be interpreted as a disadvantage. Due to this, the functionalists approach somewhat contradicts itself as functionalism sees humans as being shaped by society, but their approach actually takes the opposite view. As individuals are integrated, the behaviour of each person will be quite predictable and stable, allowing cooperation. Functionalism is useful for understanding consensus while conflict theory is appropriate for understanding conflict and coercion. Families And Household Sociologits. Instutions are then grouped into sub systems- such as shops, farms, factories, which all form part of the economy, whose function is to meet society’s material needs. This approach is argued to be a weakness, as a logical criticism would be that functionalism is unscientific. According to Melvin Tumin, Davis and Moore did not fully appreciate the importance of power in determining the unequal distribution of rewards. This is further identified a weakness by the conflict perspective. Other criticisms of functionalism is that it explains effects before the cause by claiming children need to be socialised so the family exists, which means that functionalisms may not be used to explain society properly. Value consensus makes social order possible, with Parsons indentifying that the system has two mechanisms for ensuring individuals conform to the shared norms, thus meeting the systems needs; Socialisation and Social control. Also many social policy initiatives stemming from conservative politicians have their origin in functionalist theories. Have not found what you were looking for? 2 The importance of culture in structuring society is identified. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. For most, a theory is only scientific if in principle it is falsifiable by testing, however for functionalists this is not the case. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed. This is therefore seen as a weakness of functionalism as society does have many inequalities which functionalism fails to acknowledge. From an action perspective, Wrong criticizes the idea of a value consensus as he criticizes the functionalists over socialized, deterministic view of the individual.


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